HIV and Being pregnant | Cloudnine Weblog

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What’s HIV?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, in brief, referred to as as HIV is a virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). An individual could also be HIV optimistic however don’t have AIDS. An individual with HIV can transmit the virus to others if contaminated blood, semen or vaginal fluids are available contact with damaged pores and skin or mucous membranes. An individual contaminated with HIV might not develop AIDS for ten years or longer.

What are the chance elements of HIV throughout Being pregnant?

A lady contaminated with HIV can scale back the chance of transmitting the virus to the infant by staying as wholesome as doable. Listed here are some elements which enhance the chance of HIV transmission:

  •        Smoking
  •        Substance abuse
  •        Vitamin A deficiency
  •        Malnutrition
  •        Infections similar to STD’s
  •        Breastfeeding
  •        Medical stage of HIV, together with viral load

Ought to Pregnant girls get examined for HIV? How is testing carried out?

Ladies who’re planning their being pregnant or who’re pregnant must be examined for HIV as quickly as doable, and the girl’s companion also needs to be examined. A lady who has not been examined for HIV throughout being pregnant may be screened throughout labor and supply with speedy exams. A blood check is finished for the analysis of HIV/AIDS.

It’s also possible to do confidential testing with the usage of a house testing equipment referred to as as House Entry HIV Check System which has been accepted by the Meals and Drug Administration.

How can HIV/AIDS have an effect on the being pregnant?

In many of the instances, HIV doesn’t cross by the placenta from mom to the infant. The placenta gives safety for the creating toddler if the mom is wholesome in different points. Listed here are some elements which scale back the protecting potential of the placenta:

  •        Uterine infections
  •        Latest HIV an infection
  •        Superior HIV an infection
  •        Malnutrition

An HIV contaminated girls ought to get particular counselling a few nutritious diet and a spotlight must be given to stopping iron and vitamin deficiencies and weight reduction.  Gynecologist should additionally search for sexually transmitted illnesses or different infections similar to malaria, urinary tract infections, tuberculosis or respiratory infections.

What are the possibilities of the new child turning into HIV optimistic?

If a mom doesn’t obtain remedy, then there are possibilities that the virus will infect 25 % of infants born to girls with HIV. A child can change into contaminated with HIV within the womb, throughout supply or whereas breastfeeding. If a lady has undergone an HIV remedy, then the share may be diminished to lower than 2 %.

How is Prenatal Care of HIV optimistic girls dealt with?

A multi-care method which addresses the medical, psychological, social and sensible challenges of being pregnant with HIV is the simplest approach for an HIV optimistic pregnant girls to have a wholesome being pregnant and supply.

How does HIV have an effect on Labor and Start?

The chance of HIV transmission in the course of the supply is round 10-20 % if no preventative steps are taken and the possibility of transmission will increase if the infant is uncovered to HIV contaminated blood or fluids. Docs ought to keep away from performing amniotomies, episiotomies and different procedures that expose the infant to the mom’s blood.

Can a Mom Breastfeed if she is HIV optimistic?

There are possibilities that about 15% of newborns born to HIV optimistic mom might change into contaminated by HIV in the event that they breastfeed for 24 months or longer. The chance of transmission relies on:

  •        Whether or not the mom breastfeeds solely
  •        breastfeeding period
  •        The well being of mom’s breast
  •        the dietary and immune standing of the mom

The chance is far greater if the mom turns into contaminated with HIV whereas she is breastfeeding.

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